Directedge is the third largest stock exchange in the USA, a growth that it has achieved within a very short span of time of less than 15 years since the time of its inception in the year 1998. It is an all electronic exchange which makes it highly efficient, fast and robust as well. Making use of this, several traders do what is known as high frequency trading in this stock exchange. High frequency trading or HFT in short is the type of trading where trades are placed within milliseconds by computers which have been programmed to execute trades at very high speeds. Such type of HFT is possible only in electronic exchanges and not in normal trading floor exchanges due to the speed of trades and the extremely quick fills that are required in this form of trading.
Though HFT is carried out by computers and are generally done only by institutional traders and investors, they are an important part of any exchange as they help to provide liquidity to the system which is so essential for any kind of trading in the capital markets. But recently, Directedge and other stock exchanges have begun to note that this is being misused by some traders and algorithms which places an enormous amount of pressure on the system resources and also gives a false notion to all those who do trading based on market analysis. Directedge has noticed that many algorithms place the trades at a very high frequency but also remove many trades before they are executed depending on how the market is moving and the direction in which it is moving. This means that the number of messages (as these types of placement and removal is called) to the number of actual trades becomes higher and higher leading to a waste of resources, money and effort for Directedge and also for the customers.
So, in order to cut down on this practice and also to control the load on the system, Directedge has begun to charge more for such traders. The rebates that are provided to the customers by the Directedge are given only for the normal traders and the rebates are either cut down or totally stopped for the traders who undertake HFT in this manner. This practice, they hope, will be able to control the flow of messages and also help in increase the percentage of actual trades that take place, which will in turn help in building up the liquidity in the system.
Directedge continues to be in the forefront for using the latest technological advancements and this measure, it believes, will help in the more logical and responsible usage of technology.
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